What was the currency of Ancient Rome?

History of Roman currency

Roman currency for most of Roman history consisted of gold, silver, bronze, orichalcum, and copper coinage. From its introduction to the Republic, during the third century BC, well into Imperial times, Roman currency saw many changes in form, denomination, and composition. A persistent feature was the inflationary debasement and replacement of Roman coins over the centuries. Notable examples of this followed the reforms of Diocletian. This trend continued into Byzantine times.

Due to the economic power and longevity of the Roman state, Roman currency was widely used throughout western Eurasia and northern Africa from classical times into the Middle Ages. It served as a model for the currencies of the Muslim caliphates and the European states during the Middle Ages and the Modern Era. Roman currency names survive today in many countries, such as the Arabic dinar (from the denarius coin), the British pound, and the peso (both translations of the Roman libra).

Roman coins denomination

Ancient roman coins have varied in size, material, and denomination. Antoninianus, Aurelianianus, as well as the more popular Denarius, are made of silver. Whereas Solidus and Aureud are produced out of gold.

Follis, As, Dupondius, Sestertius are bronze or copper roman coins.

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