Ramses II was born 1303 BC and died in the year 1213 BC, son of Seti I and Queen Tuya, the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire. He ruled Egypt from 1279 BC to 1213 BC. He took the throne of Egypt in his early twenties (around 1279 BC) and ruled for 66 years until his death (1213 BC). He was the third ruler of the 19th Dynasty and ruled for 67 years, the second longest reign of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs. He focused on building through Egypt (temples, buildings) including his own memorial temple called Ramessuem. He helped to improve Egypt’s wealth from collecting supplies from other empires during his reign.