LIBERATIS CIVIBVS – To Citizens restored to Liberty. This inscription, which appears on a rare silver coin of Pertinax, is new to the Roman mint; but its meaning is obvious, as struck by the virtuous prince who restored Rome to liberty, after the tyranny of Commodus had been abolished. It is, however, more difficult to find any agreement between the epigraph and the type of this medal, which is simply the usual one of Liberality (a woman with tessera and cornucopiae).
It appears that by this reverse only the liberality of Pertinax is indicated, which has been noted on a preceeding medal, but which was the more agreeable to the Roman people, because it was a liberality no longer bestowed on citizens oppressed with tyranny, but granted at length, liberatis civibus, to freemen.
Laureate head of Pertinax, right
IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG
Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae
LIBERATI S CIVIBVS
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