The reverse legend forms a complete sentence: “Since peace has been established for the Roman people on land and sea, he closed the temple of Janus.” The legend first appears on aurei in 64 AD, so the closure of the temple apparently took place immediately after Corbulo’s settlement with the Parthians in the preceding year, 63 AD.
The Temple of Janus was one of the oldest structures in the Roman Forum. According to tradition, the doors were kept open in wartime and closed during times of peace. The closing of the Temple doors was a rare event, even during the Pax Romana. Having concluded a favorable peace treaty with Parthia in AD 63, Nero closed the doors with great fanfare and marked the occasion on his coinage.
Laureate bust of Nero right
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P
Temple of the Twin Janus (Ianus Geminus) near the Roman Forum, closed double doors at right, latticed window on side wall, garland draped across arched entrance
PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, S – C across
A perfect choice for Numismatists, Historians, Military Veterans, Collectors.