The Bosporan Kingdom (or Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) was an ancient Greco-Scythian state in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the more famous Bosphorus beside Istanbul at the other end of the Black Sea). Its mixed population adopted the Greek language and civilization. The kingdom’s golden age was 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. It was a Roman province from 63 to 68 A.D., under Nero. At the end of the 2nd century A.D., King Sauromates II inflicted a critical defeat on the Scythians and included all the territories of the Crimea in the structure of his state. The Bosporan Kingdom became the longest surviving Roman client kingdom, retaining semi-independent status until it was overrun by the Huns, c. 375 A.D.
Laureate head of Caligula r.
Male head r.; monogram to left, date below.
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